2018年7月19日 星期四

In Politics, a Pantsuit Isn’t Required 女性參政 不必再穿褲裝

水果奶奶的活動行程,如果劇團的演出訊息,還有更多更多的戲劇相關活動…,【如果愛抱報】通通報給你知! 以英文角度感受臺北的魅力,【TAIPEI英文季刊電子報】給你流行話題、美食景點不同主題的精彩報導。
無法正常瀏覽圖片,請按這裡看說明   無法正常瀏覽內容,請按這裡線上閱讀
新聞  健康  財經  追星  NBA台灣  udn部落格  udnTV  讀書吧  
2018/07/20 第224期 訂閱/退訂看歷史報份
紐時周報精選 Temperatures and Tensions Rise as India's Water Supply Runs Low 印度缺水 緊張氣氛隨氣溫升高
In Politics, a Pantsuit Isn't Required 女性參政 不必再穿褲裝
Temperatures and Tensions Rise as India's Water Supply Runs Low 印度缺水 緊張氣氛隨氣溫升高
文/Maria Abi-Habib and Hari Kum

The people of Shimla haven't agreed on much lately. A drought in the Himalayan resort has had residents blaming farmers, the tourism industry and one another for depleting the strained water supplies.


And everyone's been angry at the key men.


Shimla's decrepit network of water pipes, built under British colonial rule more than 70 years ago, depends on the civil servants known as key men to open and close the valves that supply each neighborhood. The current shortage, which in May left some homes without water for 20 days, has led to such fury toward the key men — accused, in just about every neighborhood, of depriving it of its fair share — that a court ordered police protection for them.


"I was getting angry phone calls calling me everything — stupid, worthless — at one or two in the morning," said Inder Singh, 44, who has been a key man for 24 years. "I would be mobbed by dozens as I was trying to leave my home for work," he said, inserting his key — a meter-long metal contraption — into the ground to open a valve.


Tourism is the mainstay of the economy in this mountain city, which British colonial authorities made their summer capital so they could escape the brutal heat of New Delhi. But the drought — accompanied by unusually high temperatures, above 90 degrees Fahrenheit — has been so severe that in May, some residents took to Twitter to ask tourists to stay away and leave the water for local residents. Many in Shimla call it the worst shortage they can remember.


As much as 30 percent of the city's hotel bookings have been canceled since last month because of concerns about the water supply, said Sanjay Sood, president of northern India's hotel and restaurant association. Some of those reservations were canceled by tourists, others by the hotels themselves.


Water tankers have been lined up at hotels along Shimla's windy mountain roads. A slogan on one of them read, "If there is water, there is a tomorrow."


A government report said that India was experiencing the worst water crisis in its history, threatening millions of lives and livelihoods. Some 600 million Indians, about half the population, face high to extreme water scarcity conditions, with about 200,000 dying every year from inadequate access to safe water, according to the report. By 2030, it said, the country's demand for water is likely to be twice the available supply.


In Shimla, rising annual temperatures and dwindling rain and snowfall — the city's main water sources — have been major factors in the crisis.


"There's global warming all over India, and Shimla is no exception," said Vineet Chawdhry, chief secretary of the state of Himachal Pradesh, whose capital is Shimla.




deplete指的是「使減少、弄空、耗盡」的意思,由代表「減少、去除」的字首de-跟具有「使填滿」之意的字根plete組合而成,類似組合單字還有impletion(充滿),replete(充分供應的),而俚語one's fair share則意指「平分、應得的一份」。

而受嚴重乾旱威脅,西姆拉民眾只能靠water tanker運水度日,tanker通常指水槽車、油罐車或油輪,在英文中的類似用法還有(milk tanker)乳槽車以及chemical tanker(化學品船)。至於tanker aircraft則是天上飛的油罐車,意即空中加油飛機。

In Politics, a Pantsuit Isn't Required 女性參政 不必再穿褲裝
文/Vanessa Friedman

NEW HAVEN, Conn. — A few months ago, when Rachel Roberts, a 44-year-old owner of yoga studios in Newport, Kentucky, decided to run for state Senate as a Democrat, her newly hired campaign manager sent her a packet of photographs of successful women and suggested she pick one and model her campaign look accordingly·


"There was Nancy Pelosi and Sheryl Sandberg," Roberts remembered, rolling her eyes. The problem: "That's not who I am. I spent the last seven years in Lululemon."


At a time of smartphones and instant imagery, when unprecedented numbers of women are running for office and often placing their gender at the center of their campaigns, it is impossible to ignore the role image can play in positioning. After all, if you are going to be the change, don't you have to look the change?


Last month 80 women, including Roberts, came to Yale University here to attend the 2018 Women's Campaign School and, among other things, try to answer that question.


An intensive five-day course, hosted although not administered by the Yale Law School, it helps prepare women to run for office, get ready to help others run for office and establish political networks. The course includes seminars in how to do a stump speech, budget for media and direct mail, raise funds, determine voter turnout — and decide how to deal with the pantsuit. Or, as one two-hour session was titled, Dress to Win.


But what, exactly, does that mean?


It is a complicated question in a world in which for a long time the unspoken presumption was that the best approach was a man's suit in a different color, and one in which women have long chafed against being judged on appearance. Indeed, many women resent that it is asked at all.


"The reaction is always mixed," said Karen Petel, referring to the style session. Petel is the founder of a namesake political consultancy, the former political director of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee and a board member of the campaign school.


"There's no doubt how you present yourself matters, but we have so little time and there is so much to cover," said Shannon Lynch, a 26-year-old producer of a political talk show on Sirius XM in Washington who was at the campaign school to test her own appetite for office. "Do we really have to spend two hours on this?"


Patricia Russo, the executive director of the Women's Campaign School, said the answer is increasingly yes. "It's not fair, but this is the reality," she said.


15公分超高鮮奶油 日本排隊鬆餅店來了
來自夏威夷、風靡全日本的排隊鬆餅Eggs'n Things登台,落腳微風松高一樓。Eggs'n Things以鮮奶油火山鬆餅轟動日本,原宿創始店、橫濱店都創下排隊等3小時紀錄。

  免費電子報 | 著作權聲明 | 隱私權聲明 | 聯絡我們
udnfamily : news | video | money | stars | health | reading | mobile | data | NBA TAIWAN | blog | shopping